Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2020
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
Note 1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Nature of Operations
LM Funding America, Inc. (“LMFA” or the “Company”) was formed as a Delaware corporation on April 20, 2015. LMFA was formed for the purpose of completing a public offering and related transactions in order to carry on the business of LM Funding, LLC and its subsidiaries (the “Predecessor”). LMFA is the sole member of LM Funding, LLC and operates and controls all of its businesses and affairs.
LM Funding, LLC a Florida limited liability company organized in January 2008 under the terms of an Operating Agreement effective January 8, 2008 as amended, had two members: BRR Holding, LLC and CGR 63, LLC. The members contributed their equity interest to LMFA prior to the closing of its initial public offering.
The Company acquired IIU, Inc. on January 16, 2019 (“IIU”), which provided global medical insurance products for international travelers, specializing in policies covering high-risk destinations, emerging markets and foreign travelers coming to the United States. All policies were fully underwritten with no claim risk remaining with IIU. IIU was disposed of on January 8, 2020.
We are a specialty finance company that provides funding to nonprofit community associations primarily located in the state of Florida. We offer incorporated nonprofit community associations, which we refer to as “Associations,” a variety of financial products customized to each Association’s financial needs. Our original product offering consists of providing funding to Associations by purchasing their rights under delinquent accounts that are selected by the Associations arising from unpaid Association assessments. Historically, we provided funding against such delinquent accounts, which we refer to as “Accounts,” in exchange for a portion of the proceeds collected by the Associations from the account debtors on the Accounts. In addition to our original product offering, we have started purchasing Accounts on varying terms tailored to suit each Association’s financial needs, including under our New Neighbor Guaranty™ program.
Specialty Finance Company
We purchase an Association’s right to receive a portion of the Association’s collected proceeds from owners that are not paying their assessments. After taking assignment of an Association’s right to receive a portion of the Association’s proceeds from the collection of delinquent assessments, we engage law firms to perform collection work on a deferred billing basis wherein the law firms receive payment upon collection from the account debtors or a predetermined contracted amount if payment from account debtors is less than legal fees and costs owed. Under this business model, we typically fund an amount equal to or less than the statutory minimum an Association could recover on a delinquent account for each Account, which we refer to as the “Super Lien Amount”. Upon collection of an Account, the law firm working on the Account, on behalf of the Association, generally distributes to us the funded amount, interest, and administrative late fees, with the law firm retaining legal fees and costs collected, and the Association retaining the balance of the collection. In connection with this line of business, we have developed proprietary software for servicing Accounts, which we believe enables law firms to service Accounts efficiently and profitably.
Under our New Neighbor Guaranty program, an Association will generally assign substantially all of its outstanding indebtedness and accruals on its delinquent units to us in exchange for payment by us of monthly dues on each delinquent unit. This simultaneously eliminates a substantial portion of the Association’s balance sheet bad debts and assists the Association to meet its budget by receiving guaranteed monthly payments on its delinquent units and relieving the Association from paying legal fees and costs to collect its bad debts. We believe that the combined features of the program enhance the value of the underlying real estate in an Association and the value of an Association’s delinquent receivables. We intend to leverage our proprietary software platform, as well as our industry experience and knowledge gained from our original line of business, to expand the New Neighbor Guaranty program in certain situations and to potentially develop other new products in the future.
Because we acquire and collect on the delinquent receivables of Associations, the Account debtors are third parties about whom we have little or no information. Therefore, we cannot predict when any given Account will be paid off or how much it will yield. In assessing the risk of purchasing Accounts, we review the property values of the underlying units, the governing documents of the relevant Association, and the total number of delinquent receivables held by the Association.
Specialty Finance Products
Our original product relies upon Florida statutory provisions that effectively protect the principal amount invested by us in each Account. In particular, Section 718.116(1), Florida Statutes, makes purchasers and sellers of a unit in an Association jointly and severally liable for all past due assessments, interest, late fees, legal fees, and costs payable to the Association. As discussed above, the Florida Statutes grants to Associations a so-called “super lien”, which is a category of lien that is given a statutorily higher priority than all other types of liens other than property tax liens. The amount of the Association’s priority over a first mortgage holder that takes title to a property through foreclosure (or deed in lieu), referred to as the Super Lien Amount, is limited to twelve months’ past due assessments or, if less, one percent (1.0%) of the original mortgage amount. Under our contracts with Associations for our original product, we pay Associations an amount up to the Super Lien Amount for the right to receive all collected interest and late fees on Accounts purchased from the Associations.
The Statutes specify that the rate of interest an association (or its assignor) may charge on delinquent assessments is equal to the rate set forth in the association’s declaration or bylaws. In Florida if a rate is not specified, the statutory rate is equal to 18% but may not exceed the maximum rate allowed by law. Similarly, the Statutes in Florida also stipulate that administrative late fees cannot be charged on delinquent assessments unless so provided by the association’s declaration or bylaws and may not exceed the greater of $25 or 5% of each delinquent assessment.
In other states in which we have offered our original product, which are currently only in Washington, Colorado and Illinois, we rely on statutes that we believe are similar to the above-described Florida statutes in relevant respects. A total of approximately 22 U.S. states, Puerto Rico and the District of Columbia have super lien statutes that give Association assessments super lien status under some circumstances, and of these states, we believe that all of these jurisdictions other than Alaska have a regulatory and business environment that would enable us to offer our original product to Associations in those states on materially the same basis.
New Neighbor Guaranty
In 2012, we developed a new product, the New Neighbor Guaranty, wherein an Association assigns substantially all of its outstanding indebtedness and accruals on its delinquent units to us in exchange for payments in an amount equal to the regular ongoing monthly or quarterly assessments for delinquent units when those amounts would be due to the Association. We assume both the payment and collection obligations for these assigned Accounts under this product. This simultaneously eliminates an Association’s balance sheet bad debts and assists the Association to meet its budget by receiving guaranteed assessment payments on its delinquent units and relieving the Association from paying legal fees and costs to collect its bad debts. We believe that the combined features of the product enhance the value of the underlying real estate in an Association and the value of an Association’s delinquent receivables.
Before we implement the New Neighbor Guaranty program for an Association typically asks us to conduct a review of its accounts receivable. After we have conducted the review, we inform the Association which Accounts we are willing to purchase and the terms of such purchase. Once we implement the New Neighbor Guaranty program, we begin making scheduled payments to the Association on the Accounts as if the Association had non-delinquent residents occupying the units underlying the Accounts. Our New Neighbor Guaranty contracts typically allow us to retain all collection proceeds on each Account other than special assessments and accelerated assessment balances. Thus, the Association foregoes the potential benefit of a larger future collection in exchange for the certainty of a steady stream of immediate payments on the Account.
IIU Acquisition and Disposal
On November 2, 2018, the Company invested cash by purchasing a Senior Convertible Promissory Note in the original principal amount of $1,500,000 (the “IIU Note”) from IIU, a synergistic Virginia based travel insurance brokerage company controlled by Craven House North America, LLC (“Craven”) N.A., (whose ownership excluding unexercised warrants was approximately 20% of the Company’s outstanding stock at the time of the acquisition). The maturity date of the IIU Note was 360 dates after the date of issuance (subject to acceleration upon an event of default). The IIU Note carried a 3.0% interest rate, with accrued but unpaid interest being payable on the IIU Note’s maturity date.
On January 16, 2019, the Company entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement with Craven (the “IIU SPA”) to purchase all of the outstanding capital stock of IIU as a possible synergistic effort to diversify revenue sources that were believed to be accretive to earnings. IIU provided global medical insurance products for international travelers, specializing in policies covering high-risk destinations, emerging markets and foreign travelers coming to the United States. All policies were fully underwritten with no claim risk remaining with IIU.
The Company purchased 100% of the issued and outstanding capital stock of IIU from Craven for $5,089,357 subject to adjustment as set forth in the IIU SPA. IIU was required to have a minimum net working capital of $15,000 and at least $152,000 in cash. The Company paid the purchase price under the IIU SPA at closing as follows:
On December 20, 2019, the Company loaned $1.5 million to Craven (“Craven Secured Promissory Note”) which had an initial maturity date of April 15, 2020 and carried an interest rate of 0.5% that was to be paid monthly. The Company subsequently extended the due date of the Craven Secured Promissory Note to August 1, 2021. The Craven Secured Promissory Note was secured by, among other things, a pledge of Craven’s 640,000 shares of common stock of the Company and the assignment of the assets of Craven in favor of the Company. On June 29, 2020, the Company received from Craven $1,503,719 as payment in full of all principal and accrued interest due from the Craven Secured Promissory Note.
On January 8, 2020, the Company entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement (“SPA”) with Craven pursuant to which the Company sold back to Craven all of the issued and outstanding shares of IIU for $3,562,569. The purchase price was paid by Craven through the cancellation of the $3,461,782 Craven Convertible Note plus forgiveness of $100,787 of accrued interest. The Company originally paid $4,969,200 for the purchase of IIU in January 2019, which included a negative $720,386 net fair value of assets and $5,689,586 of goodwill. As a result, goodwill was impaired by $1.65 million. The sale of IIU resulted in a gain of $16,428.
Specialty Health Insurance
Our former subsidiary IIU Inc. (“IIU”) through its wholly owned company Wallach and Company (“Wallach”) offered health insurance, travel insurance and other travel services to:
These services were typically sold through a policy offered by Wallach and fully underwritten by a third party insurance company. The policies offered included:
As such, IIU is considered a discontinued operation. We did not report any activity from operations from IIU for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.
Entry into and Termination of Hanfor Share Exchange Agreement
On March 23, 2020, the Company entered into a Share Exchange Agreement, dated March 23, 2020 (the “Share Exchange Agreement”), with Hanfor (Cayman) Limited, a Cayman Islands exempted company (“Hanfor”), and BZ Industrial Limited, a British Virgin Islands business company and the sole stockholder of Hanfor (“Hanfor Owner”). The Share Exchange Agreement contemplated a business combination transaction in which Hanfor Owner would transfer and assign to the Company all of the share capital of Hanfor in exchange for a number of shares of the Company’s common stock that would result in Hanfor Owner owning 86.5% of the outstanding common stock of the Company.
Under the agreement, Hanfor Owner was required to deliver to the Company audited financial statements for Hanfor for the 2019 and 2018 fiscal years, and such audited financial statements were required to be delivered by May 31, 2020 (subject to extension to June 30, 2020 under specified circumstances). In connection with the execution of the Share Exchange Agreement, the Company and Hanfor Owner entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement, dated March 23, 2020, pursuant to which Hanfor Owner purchased from the Company an aggregate of 520,838 shares of the Company’s common stock at a price of $2.40 per share. Hanfor Owner paid $250,000 cash on March 23, 2020 and the Company received an additional $1,000,000 in April 2020 at which time the Company issued the 520,838 shares.
On July 14, 2020, the Company notified Hanfor and Hanfor Owner that the Company had elected to terminate the Share Exchange Agreement due to Hanfor’s inability to provide audited financial statements by June 30, 2020. Although the Company believes that it properly terminated the Share Exchange Agreement, on July 21, 2020, counsel to Hanfor Owner informed the Company that Hanfor Owner believes that the Company’s termination of the Share Exchange Agreement was not effected in accordance with the terms of the Share Exchange Agreement.
In addition, on October 23, 2020, an amended Schedule 13D was filed by Xueyuan Han, the principal owner of Hanfor, with respect to his beneficial ownership of shares of common stock of the Company. In the amended Schedule 13D, Mr. Han alleged, among other things, that the Company misinterpreted the termination provisions of the Share Exchange Agreement, that Hanfor is still within a cure period under the Share Exchange Agreement, and that Hanfor is purporting to appoint a director to the Company’s Board of Directors. Following the filing of the amended Schedule 13D, the Company continues to believe that its termination of the Share Exchange Agreement was proper because, among other reasons, the failure of Hanfor to provide audited financial statements by June 30, 2020, was an uncurable default under the Share Exchange Agreement. Furthermore, the Company was informed by Hanfor prior to such termination that Hanfor would be unable to provide audited financial statements for Hanfor for the foreseeable future because of ongoing legal issues in China. As a result, the Company believes that the purported appointment of Mr. Han to the Company’s Board of Directors is invalid.
On March 27, 2020, the Company received a notification letter from the Nasdaq Listing Qualifications department of The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (“Nasdaq”) stating that the Company has not regained compliance with Nasdaq Continued Listing Rule 5550(a)(2), which requires the Company’s listed securities to maintain a minimum bid price of $1.00 per share (the "Minimum Bid Price Rule"). The notification stated that the Company’s securities would be delisted from the Nasdaq Capital Market on April 7, 2020 unless the Company timely requested a hearing before a Nasdaq Hearing Panel. The Company has timely requested a hearing. However, on April 16, 2020, Nasdaq suspended any enforcement actions relating to bid price issues through June 30, 2020. On July 1, 2020, the Company received a letter from Nasdaq stating that the Company had regained compliance with the Minimum Bid Price Rule because the closing price for the Company’s common stock was $1.00 per share or greater for ten (10) consecutive business days.
Additionally, on January 3, 2020, the Company received a deficiency letter from Nasdaq, indicating that it was in violation of Listing Rules 5620(a) and 5810(c)(2)(G) by virtue of passing the applicable deadline for holding of its annual general meeting of shareholders for the financial year ended December 31, 2018. The Company resolved this issue by having its annual general meeting of shareholders on May 11, 2020.
On September 28, 2020, the Company received a notification letter from the Nasdaq Listing Qualifications department of Nasdaq stating that the Company was not in compliance with the Minimum Bid Price Rule. The notification stated that the Company’s securities would be delisted from the Nasdaq Capital Market on March 29, 2021 unless the Company timely requested a hearing before a Nasdaq Hearing Panel.
If the Company is not in compliance by March 29, 2021, the Company may be afforded a second 180-calendar day period to regain compliance. To qualify, the Company would be required to meet the continued listing requirement for market value of publicly held shares and all other initial listing standards for The Nasdaq Capital Market, except for Minimum Bid Price Rule. In addition, the Company would be required to notify Nasdaq of its intention to cure the minimum bid price deficiency during the second compliance period, by effecting a reverse stock split, if necessary. If the Company does not regain compliance within the allotted 180-day compliance period and is not eligible for a second 180-day compliance period, the Company’s common stock would be subject to delisting unless it requested a hearing before an independent Nasdaq Hearings Panel. A request for a hearing would stay any suspension or delisting action pending the hearing and any additional extension period granted by the Panel. The Company intends to monitor the closing bid price of the Company’s common stock and consider its available options to resolve the non-compliance with the minimum bid price requirement.
Reverse Stock Split Approval
On May 11, 2020, our shareholders voted in favor of the approval of an amendment to our Certificate of Incorporation, in the event it is deemed advisable by our Board of Directors, to effect an additional reverse stock split of the Company’s issued and outstanding common stock at a ratio within the range of one-for-two (1:2) and one-for-ten (1:10), as determined by the Board of Directors. However, a reverse stock split was not effected pursuant to such approval.
Registered Public Offering
On August 18, 2020, in connection with an underwritten public offering, we raised approximately $8.2 million in net proceeds by issuing 10.2 million shares of common stock, the exercise of 1.7 million pre-funded warrants and 11.2 million warrants to purchase shares of common stock. Holders of the warrants subsequently exercised such warrants for 150,000 shares of common stock for $135 thousand.
Principles of Consolidation
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of LMFA and its wholly-owned subsidiaries: LM Funding, LLC; LMF October 2010 Fund, LLC; REO Management Holdings, LLC (including all 100% owned subsidiary limited liability companies); LM Funding of Colorado, LLC; LM Funding of Washington, LLC; LM Funding of Illinois, LLC; and LMF SPE #2, LLC and various single purpose limited liability corporations owned by REO Management Holdings, LLC which own various properties. It also includes IIU and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Wallach & Company for the time that the Company owned IIU. All significant intercompany balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to those rules and regulations, although the Company believes that the disclosures made are adequate to make the information not misleading. The interim condensed consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2020 and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively are unaudited. In the opinion of management, the interim condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to provide a fair statement of the results for the interim periods. The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2019, is derived from the audited consolidated financial statements presented in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal the year ended December 31, 2019.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates include the evaluation of any probable losses on amounts funded under the Company’s New Neighbor Guaranty program as disclosed below, the evaluation of probable losses on balances due from a related party, the realization of deferred tax assets, the evaluation of contingent losses related to litigation and fair value estimates of real estate assets owned.
We are not presently aware of any events or circumstances arising from the COVID-19 pandemic that would require us to update our estimates or judgments or revise the carrying value of our assets or liabilities. Our estimates may change, however, as new events occur and additional information is obtained, and any such changes will be recognized in the condensed consolidated financial statements.
Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 606 of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) states an entity needs to conclude at the inception of the contract that collectability of the consideration to which it will be entitled in exchange for the goods and services that will be transferred to the customer is probable. That is, in some circumstances, an entity may not need to assess its ability to collect all of the consideration in the contract. The Company provides funding to community associations by purchasing their rights under delinquent accounts from unpaid assessments due from property owners (the “accounts”). Collections on the accounts may vary greatly in both the timing and amount ultimately recovered compared with the total revenues earned on the accounts because of a variety of economic and social factors affecting the real estate environment in general. The Company’s contracts with its customers have very specific performance obligations. The Company has determined that the known amount of cash to be realized or realizable on its revenue generating activities cannot be reasonably estimated. The Company determined rental income from leasing arrangements is specifically excluded from the standard. The Company analyzed its remaining revenue streams and concluded there were no changes in revenue recognition with the adoption of the new standard.
Under ASC 606, the Company applies the cash basis method to its original product and the cost recovery method to its special product as follows:
Finance Receivables—Original Product: Under the Company’s original product, delinquent assessments are funded only up to the Super Lien Amount as discussed above. Recoverability of funded amounts is generally assured because of the protection of the Super Lien Amount. As such, payments by unit owners on the Company’s original product are recorded to income when received in accordance with the provisions of the Florida Statute (718.116(3)) and the provisions of the purchase agreements entered into between the Company and community associations. Those provisions require that all payments be applied in the following order: first to interest, then to late fees, then to costs of collection, then to legal fees expended by the Company and then to assessments owed. In accordance with the cash basis method of recognizing revenue and the provisions of the statute, the Company records revenues for interest and late fees when cash is received. In the event the Company determines the ultimate collectability of amounts funded under its original product are in doubt, payments are applied to first reduce the funded or principal amount.
Finance Receivables—Special Product (New Neighbor Guaranty program): During 2012, the Company began offering associations an alternative product under the New Neighbor Guaranty program where the Company will fund amounts in excess of the Super Lien Amount. Under this special product, the Company purchases substantially all of the delinquent assessments owed to the association, in addition to all accrued interest and late fees, in exchange for payment by the Company of (i) a negotiated amount or (ii) on a going forward basis, all monthly assessments due for a period up to 48 months. Under these arrangements, the Company considers the collection of amounts funded is not assured and under the cost recovery method, cash collected is applied to first reduce the carrying value of the funded or principal amount with any remaining proceeds applied next to interest, late fees, legal fees, collection costs and any amounts due to the community association. Any excess proceeds still remaining are recognized as revenues. If the future proceeds collected are lower than the Company’s funded or principal amount, then a loss is recognized.
Net Commission Revenue: The Company acted as an agent in providing health travel insurance policies. As a result, the Company revenue was recorded at net. The Company has determined that the known amount of cash to be realized or realizable on its revenue generating activities can be reasonably estimated and as such, classifies its receivables as accrual and recognizes revenues in the accompanying statements of income on the accrual basis. If a policy is not effective as of the end of a period, then the associated revenue and underwriting costs are deferred until the effective date.
The Company maintains cash balances at several financial institutions that are insured under the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation’s (“FDIC”) Transition Account Guarantee Program. Balances with the financial institutions may exceed federally insured limits.
Finance receivables are recorded at the amount funded or cost (by unit). The Company evaluates its finance receivables at each period end for losses that are considered probable and can be reasonably estimated in accordance with ASC 450-20. As discussed above, recoverability of funded amounts under the Company’s original product is generally assured because of the protection of the Super Lien Amount. However, the Company did have an accrual at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 for an allowance for credit losses for this program of $142,027 and $112,027.
Under the New Neighbor Guaranty program (special product), the Company funds amounts in excess of the Super Lien Amount. When evaluating the carrying value of its finance receivables, the Company looks at the likelihood of future cash flows based on historical payoffs, the fair value of the underlying real estate, the general condition of the community association in which the unit exists, and the general economic real estate environment in the local area. The Company estimated an allowance for credit losses for this program of $6,564 as of September 30, 2020 and $20,016 at December 31, 2019 under ASC 450-20 related to its New Neighbor Guaranty program.
The Company will charge any receivable against the allowance for credit losses when management believes the collectability of the receivable is confirmed. The Company considers writing off a receivable when (i) a first mortgage holder who names the association in a foreclosure suit takes title and satisfies an estoppel letter for amounts owed which are less than amounts the Company funded to the association; (ii) a tax deed is issued with insufficient excess proceeds to pay amounts the Company funded to the association; (iii) an association settles an account for less than amounts the Company funded to the association or (iv) the association terminates its relationship with the Company’s designated legal counsel. Upon the occurrence of any of these events, the Company evaluates the potential recovery via a deficiency judgment against the prior owner and the ability to collect upon the deficiency judgment within the statute of limitations period or whether the deficiency judgment can be sold. If the Company determines that collection through a deficiency judgment or sale of a deficiency judgment is not feasible, the Company writes off the unrecoverable receivable amount. Any losses greater than the recorded allowance will be recognized as expenses. Under the Company’s revenue recognition policies, all finance receivables (original product and special product) are classified as nonaccrual.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, write offs charged against the allowance for credit losses were $13,452 and $51,080, respectively. Any losses greater than the recorded allowance will be recognized as expenses. Under the Company’s revenue recognition policies, all finance receivables (original product and special product) are classified as nonaccrual.
Real Estate Assets Owned
In the event collection of a delinquent assessment results in a unit being sold in a foreclosure auction, the Company has the right to bid (on behalf of the community association) for the delinquent unit as attorney in fact, applying any amounts owed for the delinquent assessment to the foreclosure price as well as any additional funds that the Company, in its sole discretion, decides to pay. If a delinquent unit becomes owned by the community association by acquiring title through an association lien foreclosure auction, by accepting a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure, or by any other way, the Company in its sole discretion may direct the community association to quitclaim title of the unit to the Company.
Properties quitclaimed to the Company are in most cases acquired subject to a first mortgage or other liens, and are recognized in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets solely at costs incurred by the Company in excess of original funding. At times, the Company will acquire properties through foreclosure actions free and clear of any mortgages or liens. In these cases, the Company records the estimated fair value of the properties in accordance with ASC 820-10, Fair Value Measurements. Any real estate held for sale is adjusted to fair value less the cost to dispose in the event the carrying value of a unit or property exceeds its estimated net realizable value.
The Company capitalizes costs incurred to acquire real estate owned properties and any costs incurred to get the units in a condition to be rented. These costs include, but are not limited to, renovation/rehabilitation costs, legal costs, and delinquent taxes. These costs are depreciated over the estimated minimum time period the Company expects to maintain possession of the units. Costs incurred for unencumbered units are depreciated over 20 years and costs for units subject to a first mortgage are depreciated over 3 years. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, capitalized real estate costs, net of accumulated depreciation, were $20,281 and $21,084, respectively.
During the three and nine month period ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, depreciation expense was $(4,990) and $4,723 for 2020 and $5,385 and $17,354 for 2019, respectively.
If the Company elects to take a quitclaim title to a unit or property held for sale, the Company is responsible to pay all future assessments on a current basis, until a change of ownership occurs. The community association must allow the Company to lease or sell the unit to satisfy obligations for delinquent assessments of the original debt. All proceeds collected from any sale of the unit shall be first applied to all amounts due the Company plus any additional funds paid by the Company to purchase the unit, if applicable. Rental revenues and sales proceeds related to real estate assets held for sale are recognized when earned and realizable. Expenditures for current assessments owed to associations, repairs and maintenance, utilities, etc. are expensed when incurred.
If the community association elects (prior to the Company obtaining title through its own election) to maintain ownership and not quitclaim title to the Company, the community association must pay the Company all interest, late fees, collection costs, and legal fees expended, plus the original funding on the unit, which have accrued according to the purchase agreement entered into by the community association and the Company. In this event, the unit will be reassigned to the community association.
The Company capitalizes all acquisitions of fixed assets in excess of $500. Fixed assets are stated at cost. Depreciation is provided on the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. Fixed assets are comprised of furniture, computer and office equipment with an assigned useful life of 3 to 5 years. Fixed assets also include capitalized software costs. Capitalized software costs include costs to develop software to be used solely to meet the Company’s internal needs, consist of employee salaries and benefits and fees paid to outside consultants during the application development stage, and are amortized over their estimated useful life of 5 years. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, capitalized software costs, net of accumulated amortization, was nil. Amortization expense for capitalized software costs for the three and nine month period ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 was $nil and $nil for 2020 and $5,814 and $17,444 for 2019, respectively.
Right to Use Assets
The Company capitalizes all leased assets pursuant to ASU 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)," which requires lessees to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liability, initially measured at present value of the lease payments, on its balance sheet for leases with terms longer than 12 months and classified as either financing or operating leases. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, right to use assets, net of accumulated amortization, was $185,370 and $260,260, respectively. Amortization expense for right to use assets for the three and nine month period ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 was $23,661 and $74,890 for 2020 and was $22,281 and $27,133 for 2019, respectively while the payments totaled $69,669 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.
Other Investments – Note Receivable - Related Party
On December 20, 2019, the Company loaned $1.5 million to Craven (“Craven Secured Promissory Note”) which had an initial maturity date of April 15, 2020 and carried an interest rate of 0.5% that was to be paid monthly. The Company subsequently extended the due date of the Craven Secured Promissory Note to August 1, 2021 and allowed for the deferral of monthly interest payments. The Craven Secured Promissory Note was secured by, among other things, Stock Pledge of Craven’s 640,000 Common Shares of the Company and the Assignment of the assets of Craven in favor of the Company. On June 29, 2020, the Company received from Craven $1,503,719 as payment in full of all principal and accrued interest due from the Craven Secured Promissory Note.
Goodwill represents the excess purchase price of acquired businesses over the fair value of the net assets acquired. Goodwill is not amortized, but instead is tested for impairment annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be fully recoverable.
During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company recorded goodwill of approximately $5.7 million which represented amounts for the purchase of IIU. For purposes of the 2019 annual test, we will elect to perform a goodwill impairment analysis to assess whether it was more likely than not that the fair value of these reporting units exceeded their respective carrying values. In performing these assessments, management will rely on a number of factors including, but not limited to, macroeconomic conditions, industry and market considerations, cost factors that would have a negative effect on earnings and cash flows, overall financial performance compared with forecasted projections in prior periods, and other relevant reporting unit events, the impact of which are all significant judgments and estimates. This assessment was performed as of December 31, 2019 and showed a $1.65 million impairment due to the sale of IIU on January 8, 2020. The balance of goodwill as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 was approximately $0 million and $4.0 million, respectively.
Debt Issue Costs
The Company capitalizes all debt issue costs and amortizes them on a method that approximates the effective interest method over the remaining term of the note payable. The Company did not have any unamortized debt issue costs at September 30, 2020 and at December 31, 2019. Any costs will be presented in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets as other assets until the loan proceeds are received which at that time will be reclassified as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability in accordance with Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2015-03 (see below). The Company adopted this new standard in the first quarter of fiscal 2016. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial position and had no impact on its consolidated income or cash flows. In addition, the amortization of debt issuance costs is to be reported as interest expense under ASU 2015-03 (ASC 835-30-45-3).
Settlement Costs with Associations
Community associations working with the Company will at times incur costs in connection with litigation initiated by the Company against property owners and or mortgage holders. These costs include settlement agreements whereby the community association agrees to pay some monetary compensation to the opposing party or judgments against the community associations for fees of opposing legal counsel or other damages awarded by the courts. The Company indemnifies the community association for these costs pursuant to the provisions of the agreement between the Company and the community association. Costs incurred by the Company for these indemnification obligations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 were approximately $18,000 and $30,000 for 2020 and $9,000 and $49,000 for 2019, respectively. The Company does not limit its indemnification based on amounts ultimately collected from property owners.
Income taxes are provided for the tax effects of transactions reported in the consolidated financial statements and consist of taxes currently due plus deferred taxes resulting primarily from the tax effects of temporary differences between financial and income tax reporting. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled.
Under ASC 740-10-30-5, Income Taxes, deferred tax assets should be reduced by a valuation allowance if, based on the weight of available evidence, it is more-likely-than-not (i.e., a likelihood of more than 50%) that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The Company considers all positive and negative evidence available in determining the potential realization of deferred tax assets including, primarily, the recent history of taxable earnings or losses. Based on operating losses reported by the Company during 2018, 2017 and 2016, the Company concluded there was not sufficient positive evidence to overcome this recent operating history. As a result, the Company believes that a valuation allowance was necessary based on the more-likely-than-not threshold noted above. During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company decreased the valuation allowance to $3,634,857 to reflect a change in deferred tax assets.
Loss Per Share
Basic loss per share is calculated as net loss to common stockholders divided by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period.
The Company issued 2,500,000 shares at various times during the month of November 2018 and has weighted average these new shares in calculating loss per share.
On October 15, 2018, the Company effected a common share consolidation (“Reverse Stock Split”) by means of a one-for-ten (1:10) reverse split of its outstanding common stock, par value $0.001 per share which resulted in a decrease in outstanding common stock to 625,318 shares. The Reverse Stock Split became effective on October 16, 2018 and the Company’s common stock began trading on The Nasdaq Global Market on a split-adjusted basis on October 16, 2018.
The Company has restated all share amounts to reflect the Reverse Stock Split.
Diluted loss per share for the period equals basic loss per share as the effect of any convertible notes, stock based compensation awards or stock warrants would be anti-dilutive.
The anti-dilutive stock based compensation awards and convertible notes consisted of:
As part of its initial public offering, on October 23, 2015 the Company issued 1,200,000 warrants that allowed for the right to purchase 1,200,000 shares of common stock at an average exercise price of $12.50 per share. Due to the Reverse Stock Split on October 16, 2018, each warrant may only purchase one-tenth of one share of common stock at $12.50. These warrants have weighted average price of $12.50 per share and a weighted average remaining life of .44 years and .94 years as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. These warrants expire in the year 2020. The aggregate intrinsic value of these outstanding common stock warrants as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 was $0 and $0, respectively. These warrants will expire on October 31, 2020.
On October 31, 2018, the Company issued warrants as part of its secondary offering that allowed for the right to purchase 2,875,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.40 per share. These warrants expire in the year 2023. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2019, warrants for 9,300 shares were exercised for $22,320. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, warrants for 1,277,700 shares were exercised for $2,946,480. There are 1,638,000 warrants remaining. Due to the underwritten public offering on August 18, 2020, the exercise price of these warrants are now $0.67 per share.
As part of its underwriting agreement dated, October 31, 2018, the Company issued additional warrants, effective May 1, 2019, to its underwriter as part of its secondary offering that allowed for the right to purchase 125,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.64 per share on or after May 1, 2019. These warrants expire on May 2, 2022. Due to the underwritten public offering on August 18, 2020, the exercise price of these warrants are now $0.90 per share.
On April 2, 2018, the Company issued warrants that allowed for the right to purchase 40,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $6.605 per share. If the Company, at any time this warrant is outstanding, combines its outstanding shares of Common Stock into a smaller number of shares or enters into a corporate action or transaction to change the number of outstanding share of common stock, then the exercise price is adjusted along with the number of shares that can be purchased under this agreement. Due to the subsequent issuance of stock and warrants on October 31, 2018 and August 18, 2020, these warrants now have the right to purchase 777,059 shares at an exercise price of $0.34 per share. These warrants expire in the year 2023. The aggregate intrinsic value of these outstanding common stock warrants as of September 30, 2020 was approximately $249,000.
A senior secured convertible note to Craven House Capital North America LLC (Related Party), bearing interest at 3.0% was issued on January 16, 2019 and matures on either January 14, 2020 or convertible into 1,436,424 shares of the Company's common shares. On January 8, 2020, the Company entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement (“SPA”) with Craven pursuant to which the Company sold to Craven all of the issued and outstanding shares of IIU, Inc., a Virginia based travel insurance brokerage company and wholly owned subsidiary of LMFA (“IIU”), for $3,562,569. The purchase price was paid by Craven through the cancellation of the $3,461,782 Craven Convertible Note issued by LMFA to Craven dated January 16, 2019 plus forgiveness of $100,787 of accrued interest. LMFA originally paid $4,969,200 for the purchase of IIU in January 2019, which included a negative $720,386 net fair value of assets and $5,689,586 of goodwill. The sale of IIU resulted in a gain of $16,428.
As part of its underwritten public offering on August 18, 2020 the Company issued 11,200,000 warrants that allowed for the right to purchase 11,200,000 shares of common stock at an average exercise price of $0.90 per share. These warrants have a weighted average remaining life of 4.88 years as of September 30, 2020. These warrants expire in the year 2025. The aggregate intrinsic value of these outstanding common stock warrants as of September 30, 2020 was $0. Holders of the warrants subsequently exercised such warrants for 150,000 shares of common stock for $135 thousand.
The Company records all equity-based incentive grants to employees and non-employee members of the Company’s Board of Directors in operating expenses in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations based on their fair values determined on the date of grant. Stock-based compensation expense, reduced for estimated forfeitures, is recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the award, which is generally the vesting term of the outstanding equity awards.
The Company accrues for contingent obligations, including estimated legal costs, when the obligation is probable and the amount is reasonably estimable. As facts concerning contingencies become known, the Company reassesses its position and makes appropriate adjustments to the consolidated financial statements. Estimates that are particularly sensitive to future changes include those related to tax, legal and other regulatory matters.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
FASB ASC 825-10, Financial Instruments, requires disclosure of fair value information about financial instruments, whether or not recognized in the balance sheet. The Company engages a third-party valuation firm to assist in estimating the fair value of its finance receivables.
Risks and Uncertainties
Funding amounts are secured by a priority lien position provided under Florida law (see discussion above regarding Florida Statute 718.116). However, in the event the first mortgage holder takes title to the property, the amount payable by the mortgagee to satisfy the priority lien is capped under this same statute and would generally only be sufficient to reimburse the Company for funding amounts noted above for delinquent assessments. Amounts paid by the mortgagee would not generally reimburse the Company for interest, administrative late fees and collection costs. Even though the Company does not recognize these charges as revenues until collected, its business model and long-term viability is dependent on its ability to collect these charges.
In the event a delinquent unit owner files for bankruptcy protection, the Company may at its option be reimbursed by the association for the amounts funded (i.e., purchase price) and all collection rights are re-assigned to the association.
Non-cash Financing and Investing Activities
During the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company acquired unencumbered title to certain properties as a result of foreclosure proceedings. Properties were recorded at fair value less cost to dispose of approximately $0 and $0, respectively. The fair value of these properties was first applied to recover the Company’s initial investment with any remaining proceeds applied to interest, late fees, and other amounts owed by the property owner.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company disposed of IIU which included assets and liabilities listed in Note 10.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, which establishes a new approach for credit impairment based on an expected loss model rather than an incurred loss model. The standard requires the consideration of all available relevant information when estimating expected credit losses, including past events, current conditions and forecasts and their implications for expected credit losses. The guidance is effective January 1, 2020 with a one-year early adoption permitted. We adopted this new standard on January 1, 2020 and determined that this did not impact our consolidated financial statements.
Recent accounting guidance not discussed above is not applicable, did not have, or is not expected to have a material impact to the Company.
Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.
The Company has evaluated subsequent events through the date which the condensed consolidated financial statements were issued.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef